Science Seminar by Turgay Unver - November 4, 2014-Author: Fen Fakültesi
Abstract: The scientific revolution started with the human-genome sequencing project ignited other sequencing projects, including plant species. Different technologies have been developed to cope with such challenge, including the second- and third-generation sequencing platforms called “next-generation” sequencing (NGS). The former has allowed sequencing most genomes to date. Both the genome and the transcriptome can be sequenced, including the whole-genome, exome, DNA-protein-interaction regions, mRNA sequencing and different epigenetic approaches like small RNA, methylation. More than 50 plant genomes have been sequenced so far, with many more projected for the near future. On the other hand, the obtained data has been utilized to improvement of plants especially crops. One of the translational research areas is plant micro-RNAs (miRNA) to develop plants with high yield. miRNAs are small, endogenously expressed and non-protein coding RNAs which regulates gene expression via post-transcriptional inhibition and cleavage. A number of miRNAs have been identified and functionally characterized by direct cloning, high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatic analyses from a number of plant species. The functional roles of miRNAs in plant development as well as stress response to biotic and abiotic environmental factors has been discovered.
Speaker Biography: He achieved the PhD degree from METU in 2008. He was assigned as a assistant professor at Cankiri Karatekin University in 2009 and obtained his assoc professorship in 2011. His main research areas are plant microRNAs, genome and transcriptome analyzes. He published 30 indexed articles with more than 700 citations. In 2012, he was awarded as TUBITAK TWAS prize. He has been selected as outstanding young scientist by Turkish Academy of Science in 2013.