ECONOMICS SEMINAR -Gözde Çörekçioğlu

Author: CASE
Time: 16:00
Location: CASE 127


Wednesday, 12 December 2018


Speaker  : Gözde Çörekçioğlu- Kadir Has University

Title        :  Out of Sight, Out of Mind?  Proximity to Health Care and Electoral Outcomes

Time       : 16:00-17:30
Place      : CASE 127

Date       :  12 December 2018 -Wednesday

Abstract: In this paper we consider the extent to which local healthcare provision is effective in buying electoral votes. We collect new data on the geographical distribution of votes and healthcare provision. Using original data, we measure healthcare provision in terms of geographical proximity to clinics that offer universal and freely accessible primary healthcare services in Istanbul, Turkey. This paper makes an empirical contribution to the public goods literature by proposing a new disaggregated measure of visible local public goods. Our identification comes from a nationwide healthcare reform where these primary healthcare centers were built and staffed with respect to population thresholds. We estimate that a ten-minute decrease in walking time to the nearest clinic increases the vote share of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) by about 6 percentage points in the 2014 local elections. The effect is more pronounced for voters in non-AKP municipalities. When we run a horse-race between visibility and quality, we reveal an education cleavage: While low-educated voters only care about visibility, highly-educated voters only value quality of healthcare. Our analysis provides an empirical foundation on voter perceptions by education. We argue that spatial distribution of public service provision captures the available information to voters, which in turn, influences political outcomes.